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【达沃斯·中国日报】徐井宏:第四次工业革命的重点是找到惠及全人类的解决方案
发布日期 : 2017-06-29 18:21:53 点击数:
 


       2017夏季达沃斯论坛联席主席徐井宏认为,机器人在制造业领域的发展能够使人类生活更加丰富多彩。

       作为中国顶尖高校清华大学科研成果转化机构清华控股的掌门人,徐井宏表示,针对第四次工业革命在未来十年或更长时间可能导致大量失业的情况,重要的是不要过于担忧和恐慌。

       “第四次工业革命最终会使人类更加富有,当人们变得更加富足,对文化和艺术的需求将会相应增加”,徐井宏说。

       “在传统社会,人可能必须要去工厂或公司上班。然而有了机器人后,工业制造可以不需要那么多工人。”
 

徐井宏接受中国日报专访

       1994年,徐井宏参与建设清华科技园,发挥了关键作用。如今的清华科技园已经成为全球规模最大的大学科技园。

       徐井宏强调,对劳动者加强教育和培训非常重要,这样,劳动者才有能力迎接新的机遇。“教育需要赋予人们适应新的文化背景和服务行业的能力。”

       徐井宏指出本届夏季达沃斯论坛主题是第四次工业革命,而论坛希望传递的信号是:第四次工业革命将带来包容性增长,普惠人类。“我希望参会者能够就如何实现包容性增长给出建议。”

       徐井宏同时还担任中关村国家自主创新示范区顾问委员会副主任委员,他表示,中国的目标不是在所谓的“科技竞赛”中击败其他国家。

       第四次工业革命主要体现在人工智能、物联网、无人驾驶和机器人技术。

       “第四次工业革命的重点并不是击败任何国家,而是找到能够惠及全人类的解决方案。”

       “就我所知,中国企业家想要为世界的发展做出贡献,不是和任何人作对。”

       徐井宏17岁考入清华大学机械工程专业,后在清华大学任职,之后进入清华产业工作至今。

       2012年,徐井宏成为清华控股董事长。在他的带领下,清华控股资产从580亿元增长到目前的3500亿元,增长了5倍多。徐井宏说,这很令他欣慰。

来   源丨中国日报
记   者丨Andrew Moody
原标题丨清华控股董事长徐井宏:机器人将提升人类的生活质量

英文原文

Robots will improve quality of life for us all: Tsinghua Holdings chief

By Andrew Moody in Dalian, Liaoning | China Daily | Updated: 2017-06-29 07:46

Xu Jinghong, co-chair of Summer Davos in Dalian, insists robots taking over manufacturing jobs could lead to more enriched lives for people.

The chairman of Tsinghua Holdings, the technology investment arm of China's elite Beijing university, said it was important to combat fears that the so-called Fourth Industrial Revolution could lead to mass unemployment within a decade or more.

"The Fourth Industrial Revolution will eventually make people richer and when people become more affluent they have a greater need for culture and the arts," he said.

"In a traditional society, you may think you have to go and work in a factory or a company. With robots, manufacturing will take care of itself," he added.

The 54-year-old was instrumental in setting up the Tsinghua Science Park in 1994, which is now one of the largest of its kind in the world, and stressed that it was important to educate the workforce so they were prepared for new opportunities.

"Education needs to give people the skills to work in the new culture and service industries," Xu said.

He pointed out that the aim of the forum was to send out the message that the Fourth Industrial Revolution, which is the theme of this year's event, must be inclusive and not leave people behind.

"I hope the participants exchanging ideas here can come up with suggestions as to how we can achieve inclusive growth," he said.

Xu, who is also deputy director of the advisory board of Zhongguancun National Demonstration Zone, or China's Silicon Valley, insisted that the country's aim was not to beat other nations in a so-called technology race.

Known as the Fourth Industrial Revolution, this covers the advent of artificial intelligence, the internet of things and autonomous vehicles as well as robotics.

"The question is not whether a country wants to knock anyone out of the race, but to achieve a solution for the whole of mankind to benefit," he said.

"As far as I know, Chinese entrepreneurs want to contribute to the development of the whole world, not to be against anyone else."

Xu has spent his adult life at Tsinghua, starting as an undergraduate mechanical engineering student at 17 before holding a number of academic positions.

He became chairman of Tsinghua Holdings, one of the biggest investors in technology companies in the country, in 2012. Under his leadership, its assets have grown more than sixfold from 58 billion yuan ($8.49 billion) to 350 billion yuan.

"The success of the investments is something I am most pleased about," he said.